Baker County Florida Located in North Florida
Baker County Cities
|Glen St. Mary
Land area (rank): 585 square miles (48)
Population 1993 (rank): 19,527 (51)
Population density 1993 (rank): 33 persons per square mile (49)
Growth 1980-1990 (rank): 20.9% (47)
Baker County is on the Florida-Georgia border between Nassau,
Duval, and Clay counties to the east and Columbia County to the
west. To the south are Union and Bradford counties. The county
has 3 square miles of water. The average January temperature is
55.0 degrees F, and the average August temperature is 81.2 degrees
F. The average annual rainfall is 49.27 inches.
Baker County was established in 1861 from New River County
and named for James McNair Baker (1822-92), Confederate States
senator and judge in Florida's Fourth Judicial District. The Civil
War Battle of Olustee was fought just east of the town of Olustee.
In 1993 over three-quarters of Baker County's population was
in unincorporated areas. The county's most populous incorporated
place is Macclenny with a 1993 population of 4,050. All the other
settlements in the county have populations under 1,000. In 1993,
84% of Baker County's population was white and 16% was nonwhite.
In 1990, 1.1% of the population was Hispanic. Of the population
increase between 1980 and 1990, 46.4% was due to net migration
. The 1992 birth rate for the county was 15.0 live births per
1,000 persons, and the 1992 death rate was 6.7 deaths per 1,000
persons. In 1992 the infant mortality rate was 7.0 per 1,000.
The leading causes of death in 1993 were heart disease, cancer,
Of all 1992 high school graduates, 73.6% planned to continue
their education. The 1992 high school dropout rate for the county
was 3.7%. In 1990, 64.1% of persons in the county were high school
graduates, and 5.7% had completed four or more years of college.
Colleges and universities. Served by Lake City Community College
The per capita income in Baker County for 1993 was $14,534
(43rd highest in the state). The median household income in 1989
was $25,816. In 1989, 13.2% of families had incomes below the
poverty level. In 1990, 18.3% of personal income in Baker County
was derived from transfer payments. In 1992 the greatest numbers
of persons in Baker County were employed in the government, retail
trade, and services sectors. Major employers in the governmental
sector were Northeast Florida State Hospital, Macclenny, and Baker
Correctional Institution, Olustee. In the retail trade sector,
eating and drinking establishments and food stores employed the
greatest numbers of persons. In 1992 there were 193 farms in Baker
County, totalling 24,489 acres (7% of land in the county). Approximately
two-thirds of this land is devoted to poultry and livestock. In
1991, 25,884 thousand board feet of softwood logs and 222,197
cords of softwood for pulp (3rd highest amount in the state) and
2,914 cords of hardwood for pulp were produced. Lumber and wood
products firms accounted for much of the manufacturing employment
in Baker County. Forests and wetlands cover vast portions of the
county and provide excellent opportunities for freshwater fishing
and hunting for quail, turkey, and deer.
Median value of a single-family home 1990: $53,400
Median monthly rent 1990: $225
Mobile homes as a % of total housing: 43.2
Housing starts (1992): 77
Housing starts (1993): 73
In 1992 the price level index for Baker County was 91.75 (54th
highest in the state).
In 1993, the ad valorem millage rate was 9.3300, and the total
taxable value of property was $239,879,590. Taxable sales totalled
$65.30 million in 1992 and $60.30 million in 1993. Lottery sales
totalled $2,255 thousand in 1992-93. In 1990-91 Baker County's
revenues totalled $11,668 thousand ($617.2 per capita) and its
expenditures $10,298 ($544.7 per capita). Of those 18 years of
age and older, 73.6% were registered to vote in 1992. Of these
93.8% registered Democrat and 5.5% registered Republican. In the
1992 presidential election 50.6% of the votes were cast for Bush,
29.2% for Clinton, and 19.5% for Perot.
Events and Places of Interest
Olustee Battlefield; Old Baker Courthouse, Macclenny; Burnsed
Blockhouse, vicinity of Sanderson.