Citrus County Florida Located in West Florida
Citrus County Cities
|Cedar Lake Estates
||Oak Hill Estates
Land area (rank): 629 square miles (42)
Population 1993 (rank): 100,829 (30)
Population density 1993 (rank): 160 persons per square mile (28)
Growth 1980-1990 (rank): 71.0% (7)
Citrus County is on the Gulf coast, north of Tampa-St. Petersburg,
and is bordered by Levy, Marion, Sumter, and Hernando counties.
The county has 39 square miles of water. The average January temperature
is 58.4 degrees F, and the average August temperature is 81.1
degrees F. The average annual rainfall is 51.20 inches.
Citrus County was established in 1887 from Hernando County
and named in honor of the citrus fruit. The Crystal River Indian
mounds and museum are in Citrus County. David Levy Yulee, U.S.
senator from Florida, established a thriving sugar plantation
and mill near the town of Homosassa. The Yulee mansion was burned
by Union troops in 1864 and the mill left in ruins.
In 1993 nearly 90% of the county's population was in unincorporated
areas, especially along highway 98. The incorporated place with
the greatest population (6,462 in 1993) is Inverness followed
by Crystal River (4,076 in 1993). Unincorporated places that experienced
the most growth in the 1980s include Citrus Springs, Homosassa,
Homosassa Springs, and Sugarmill Woods. Development is limited
in both the extreme west and east by lakes, rivers, and wetlands.
In 1993, 97% of Citrus County's population was white and 3% was
nonwhite. In 1990, 1.8% of the population was Hispanic. Of the
population increase between 1980 and 1990, 100% was due to net
migration. The 1992 birth rate for the county was 9.0 live births
per 1,000 persons, and the 1992 death rate was 14.1 deaths per
1,000 persons. In 1992, the infant mortality rate was 5.6 per
1,000. The leading causes of death in 1993 were heart disease,
cancer, and stroke.
Of all 1992 high school graduates, 45.8% planned to continue
their education. The 1992 high school dropout rate for the county
was 3.5%. In 1990, 68.6% of persons in the county were high school
graduates, and 10.4% had completed four or more years of college.
Colleges and universities. Served by Central Florida Community
College (Marion County).
The per capita income in Citrus County for 1993 was $15,708
(36th highest in the state). The median household income in 1989
was $21,285. In 1989, 8.5% of families had incomes below the poverty
level. In 1990, 28.7% of personal income was derived from transfer
payments. In 1992 the greatest numbers of persons in Citrus County
were employed in the retail trade, services, and government sectors.
The biggest employer in the county is Florida Power and the Crystal
River nuclear power plant. In the retail trade sector, eating
and drinking establishments and food stores employed the greatest
numbers of persons. Medical and other health services and hotels
and motels employed the greatest numbers of persons in the services
sector. In 1992 there were 288 farms in the county, totalling
70,672 acres (18% of land in the county). Citrus County's leading
farm products are poultry and hay. In 1991, 15 thousand board
feet of softwood logs, 140 thousand board feet of hardwood logs,
4,485 cords of softwood for pulp, and 1,843 cords of hardwood
for pulp were produced. In 1991, 1,130,370 pounds of fish and
1,480,819 pounds of shellfish were landed.
Median value of a single-family home 1990: $66,100
Median monthly rent 1990: $297
Mobile homes as a % of total housing 1990: 31.5
Housing starts 1992: 1,148
Housing starts 1993: 1,297
In 1992 the price level index for Citrus County was 92.45 (52nd
highest in the state).
In 1993, the ad valorem millage rate was 7.9130, and the total
taxable value of property was $3,663,977,452. Taxable sales totalled
$575.70 million in 1992 and $639.80 million in 1993. Lottery sales
totalled $14,657 thousand in 1992-93. In 1990-91 Citrus County's
revenues totalled $75,404 thousand ($786.2 per capita) and its
expenditures $68,873 thousand ($718.1 per capita). Of those 18
years of age and older, 70.4% were registered to vote in 1992.
Of these, 51.8% were registered Democrat and 39.1% were registered
Republican. In the 1992 presidential election 36.7% of the votes
were cast for Bush, 35.6% for Clinton, and 27.5% for Perot.
Places of Interest
Homosassa Springs Wildlife Park, Crystal River Indian Mounds
and Museum; Yulee Sugar Mill Ruins, Homosassa; Ft. Cooper, vicinity