Clay County Florida Located in North East Florida
Clay County Cities
|Green Cove Springs
|High Ridge Estates
Land area (rank): 592 square miles (46)
Population 1993 (rank): 114,918 (27)
Population density 1990 (rank): 194 persons per square mile (21)
Growth 1980-1990 (rank): 58.1% (13)
Clay County is in northeast Florida and is bordered by St.
Johns, Duval, Baker, Bradford, and Putnam counties. The county
has 51 square miles of water. The average January temperature
is 55.4 degrees F, and the average August temperature is 81.3
degrees F. The average annual rainfall is 53.42 inches.
Clay County was established in 1858 from a portion of Duval
County and named for Kentuckian Henry Clay, Secretary of State
under John Quincy Adams. In the late 1800s the St. Johns River
and Green Cove Springs were popular tourist spots.
In 1993, 86% of Clay County's population was in unincorporated
areas. The largest incorporated place is the town of Orange Park
(1993 population of 9,456) followed by the historic city of Green
Cove Springs (1993 population of 4,688). Bellair-Meadowbrook Terrace
grew rapidly in the 1970s and had a 1980 population of 12,144.
The population of Lakeside, on Doctor's Lake south of Orange Park,
nearly tripled during the 1980s reaching 29,137 in 1990. Clay
County is part of the Jacksonville Metropolitan Statistical Area,
which also includes Duval, Nassau, and St. Johns counties. In
1993, 93% of Clay County's population was white and 7% was nonwhite.
In 1990, 2.6% of the population was Hispanic. Of the population
increase between 1980 and 1990, 81.1% was due to net migration.
The 1992 birth rate for the county was 14.4 live births per 1,000
persons, and the 1992 death rate was 6.5 deaths per 1,000 persons.
In 1992 the infant mortality rate was 9.3 per 1,000. The leading
causes of death in 1993 were heart disease, cancer, and accidents.
Of all 1992 high school graduates, 71.7% planned to continue
their education. The 1992 high school dropout rate for the county
was 2.9%. In 1990, 81.2% of persons in the county were high school
graduates, and 17.9% had completed four or more years of college.
Colleges and universities. Served by St. Johns River Community
College (Putnam County).
The per capita income in Clay County in 1993 was $18,264 (23rd
highest in the state). In 1989 the median household income was
$34,860. In 1989, 5.4% of families had incomes below the poverty
level. In 1990, 14.1% of personal income in Clay County was derived
from transfer payments. In 1992 the greatest numbers of persons
in Clay County were employed in the retail trade, services, and
government sectors. In the retail trade sector eating and drinking
establishments and general merchandise stores employed the greatest
numbers of persons. Medical and other health services employed
the greatest number of persons in the services sector. In 1992
there were 210 farms in the county, totalling 86,026 acres (23%
of land in the county). Clay County's major agricultural products
are chickens, cattle, and hay. In 1991, 24,376 thousand board
feet of softwood logs, 96,921 cords of softwood for pulp, and
4,835 cords of hardwood for pulp were produced. In 1991, 1,936
pounds of fish and 19,839 pounds of shellfish were landed.
Median value of a single-family home 1990: $82,100
Median monthly rent 1990: $404
Mobile homes as a % of total housing: 18.1
Housing starts 1992: 937
Housing starts 1993: 1027
In 1992 the price level index for Clay County was 92.71 (48th
highest in the state).
Clay County is a charter county. In 1993, the ad valorem millage
rate was 8.4585, and the total taxable value of property was $2,651,898,353.
Taxable sales totalled $775.70 million in 1992 and $837.80 million
in 1993. Lottery sales totalled $12,610 thousand in 1992-93. In
1990-91 Clay County's revenues totalled $68,408 thousand ($613.8
per capita) and its expenditures $68,893 thousand ($636.8 per
capita). Of those 18 years of age and older, 65.4% were registered
to vote in 1992. Of these, 39.3% were registered Democrat and
50.5% were registered Republican. In the 1992 presidential election,
58.0% of the votes were cast for Bush, 23.3% for Clinton, and
18.5% for Perot.
Places of Interest
Clay County Courthouse, St. Mary's Church, Green Cove Springs;
St. Margaret's Episcopal Church, Hibernia.