Escambia County Florida Located in North West Florida
Escambia County Cities
Gulf Beach Heights
Land area (rank): 661 square miles (38)
Population 1993 (rank): 272,083 (15)
Population density 1993 (rank): 412 persons per square mile (12)
Growth 1980-1990 (rank): 12.4% (58)
The Perdido River forms its western boundary with Alabama,
and the Escambia River forms its eastern boundary with Santa Rosa
County. The county is bordered on the north by Alabama and on
the south by the Gulf of Mexico. The county has 92 square miles
of water. The average January temperature is 53.1 degrees F, and
the average August temperature is 80.9 degrees F. The average
annual rainfall is 58.60 inches.
Escambia County, named for the Escambia River, was established
in 1821 and was one of the first two counties in Florida. The
derivation of Escambia is unclear, although it is probably of
Indian origin. Tristan de Luna established a settlement at present-day
Pensacola in 1559.
Escambia County's population is concentrated in the south along
the bays and Gulf. In 1993 over 75% of Escambia County's population
was in unincorporated areas. The incorporated area with the greatest
population is Pensacola (1993 population of 59,858). The unincorporated
areas of Brent and West Pensacola had populations in excess of
20,000 in 1990. The U.S. Bureau of the Census has designated Escambia
and Santa Rosa counties as the Pensacola Metropolitan Statistical
Area. In 1993, 77% of Escambia County's population was white and
23% was nonwhite. In 1990, 1.9% of the population was Hispanic.
Of the population increase between 1980 and 1990, 23.4% was due
to net migration. The 1992 birth rate for the county was 16.2
live births per 1,000 persons, and the 1992 death rate was 8.8
deaths per 1,000 persons. In 1992 the infant mortality rate was
12.3 per 1,000. The leading causes of death in 1993 were heart
disease, cancer, and stroke.
Of all 1992 high school graduates, 65.9% planned to continue
their education. The 1992 high school dropout rate was 1.6%. In
1990, 76.2% of persons in the county were high school graduates,
and 18.4% had completed four or more years of college. Colleges
and universities. Pensacola Christian College, Pensacola Junior
College, University of West Florida, Pensacola..