Hamilton County Florida Located in North Florida
Hamilton County Cities
Land area (rank): 517 square miles (59)
Population 1993 (rank): 11,604 (61)
Population density 1993 (rank): 23 persons per square mile (58)
Growth 1980-1990 (rank): 24.8% (44)
Hamilton County is in north Florida on the Georgia border.
It is bordered on the east and south by the Suwannee River and
on the west by the Withlacoochee River. The county has 2 square
miles of water. The average January temperature is 53.7 degrees
F, and the average August temperature is 81.1 degrees F.The average
annual rainfall is 49.51 inches.
Hamilton County was established from a portion of Escambia
County in 1827 and named for Alexander Hamilton, first U.S. Secretary
of the Treasury. The Florida Folklife Program is housed at the
Stephen Foster Memorial in White Springs, where each year in May
the Florida Folk Festival is held.
Much of the land in Hamilton County is in commercial forests
or wetlands. In 1993, 70% of the population was in unincorporated
areas. The incorporated place with the greatest population is
the city of Jasper, which had a 1993 population of 2,084. Jennings
and White Springs each had populations less than 1,000 in 1993.
In 1993, 60% of Hamilton County's population was white and 40%
was nonwhite. In 1990, 2.7% of the population was Hispanic. Of
the population increase between 1980 and 1990, 68.5% was due to
net migration. The 1993 birth rate for the county was 14.9 live
births per 1,000 persons, and the 1992 death rate was 9.2 deaths
per 1,000 persons. In 1992 the infant mortality rate was 0.0 per
1,000. The leading causes of death in 1993 were heart disease,
cancer, and stroke.
Of all 1992 high school graduates, 55.3% planned to continue
their education. The 1992 high school dropout rate was 6.2%. In
1990, 58.4% of persons in the county were high school graduates,
and 7.0% had completed four or more years of college. Colleges
and universities. Served by North Florida Junior College (Madison
County) and Valdosta State University, Valdosta, Ga.
The per capita income in Hamilton County for 1993 was $11,004
(64th highest in the state). The 1989 median household income
was $18,709. In 1989, 24.7% of families had incomes below the
poverty level. In 1990, 25.8% of personal income in Hamilton county
was derived from transfer payments. In 1992 the greatest numbers
of persons in Hamilton County were employed in the government,
retail trade, and service sectors. Auto dealers and food stores
employed the most persons in the retail trade sector, and medical
and other health services employed the most persons in the services
sector. In 1987 there were 224 farms in Hamilton County, totalling
69,405 acres (21% of land in the county). Corn, soybeans, and
tobacco are major crops. Hogs and pigs are also produced in the
county. In 1991, 9,025 thousand board feet of softwood logs, 105,825
cords of softwood for pulp, 426 thousand board feet of hardwood
logs, and 8,284 cords of hardwood for pulp were harvested.
Median value of a single-family home 1990: $36,300
Median monthly rent 1990: $143
Mobile homes as a % of total housing: 36.9
Housing starts 1992: 30
Housing starts 1993: 19
In 1992 the price level index for Hamilton County was 89.45
(65th highest in the state).
In 1993, the ad valorem millage rate was 10.000, and the total
taxable value of property was $481,034,320. Taxable sales totalled
$40.80 million in 1992 and $36.70 million in 1993. Lottery sales
totalled $16,542 thousand in 1992-93. In 1990-91 Hamilton County's
revenues totalled $19,058 thousand ($1,733.1 per capita) and its
expenditures $16,909 thousand ($1,537.7 per capita). Of those
18 years of age and older, 70.3% were registered to vote in 1992.
Of these, 95.7% were registered Democrat and 3.9% were registered
Republican. In the 1992 presidential election 43.5% of the votes
were cast for Clinton, 37.6% for Bush, and 18.7% for Perot.
Events and Places of Interest
Florida Folk Festival, May, Jeannie Auditions and Ball, October,
Rural Folklife Days, November, White Springs; Hamilton County
Fair and Festival in the Park, Jasper, October; Stephen Foster
State Folk Culture Center, White Springs.