Jackson County Florida Located in North West Florida
Jackson County Cities
|Compass Lake Hills
Land area (rank): 942 square miles (19)
Population 1993 (rank): 44,386 (39)
Population density 1993 (rank): 47 persons per square mile (44)
Growth 1980-1990 (rank): 5.7% (62)
Jackson County is in northwest Florida and is bordered by Holmes,
Washington, Calhoun, Gadsden, and Bay counties as well as the
states of Georgia and Alabama. Jackson is the only county in Florida
to border two states. The county has 13 square miles of water.
The average January temperature is 52.6 degrees F, and the average
August temperature is 81.0 degrees F. The average annual rainfall
is 54.69 inches.
Jackson County was established from Escambia County in 1822
and named for Andrew Jackson, governor of the territories of East
and West Florida and later president of the U.S. Marianna was
the site of a battle in 1864, during which old men and young boys
fought against the invasion of Federal forces.
In 1993, 65% of Jackson County's population lived in unincorporated
areas. Of the 11 incorporated places in the county, Marianna,
with a 1993 population of 6,249, was the largest, followed by
Graceville, with a 1993 population of 2,675, Sneads (1,854 persons),
and Malone (1,583 persons). Alford, Bascom, Campbellton, Cottondale,
Greenwood, Grand Ridge, and Jacob City all had populations under
1,000 in 1993. In 1993, 73% of Jackson County's population was
white and 27% was nonwhite. In 1990, 2.4% of the population was
Hispanic. Of the population increase between 1980 and 1990, 44.4%
was due to net migration. The 1992 birth rate was 13.5 live births
per 1,000 persons, and the 1992 death rate was 10.7 deaths per
1,000 persons. In 1992 the infant mortality rate was 7.1 per 1,000.
The leading causes of death in 1993 were heart disease, cancer,
Of all 1992 high school graduates, 64.2% planned to continue
their education. The 1992 high school dropout rate was 3.5%. In
1990, 61.6% of persons in the county were high school graduates,
and 10.9% had completed four or more years of college. Colleges
and universities. Chipola Junior College, Marianna; Florida Baptist
Theological College, Graceville.
The per capita income in Jackson County for 1993 was $13,985
(50th highest in the state). The median household income in 1989
was $19,471. In 1989, 17.3% of families had incomes below the
poverty level. In 1990, 28.8% of personal income in Jackson County
was derived from transfer payments. In 1992 the greatest numbers
of persons in Jackson County were employed in the government,
retail trade, and manufacturing sectors. Major state government
employers are various HRS offices, Arthur G. Dozier School, and
Marianna Community Correction Center. The major employers in the
retail trade sector were automobile dealers and service stations
and eating and drinking establishments. Lumber and wood products
firms accounted for the most employment in the manufacturing sector.
In 1992 there were 808 farms in Jackson County, totalling 244,185
acres (41% of land in the county). The county is the state's leading
producer of soybeans and peanuts. In 1991, 18,259 thousand board
feet of softwood logs, 76,476 cords of softwood for pulp, and
34,280 cords of hardwood for pulp (2nd highest in the state) were
Median value of a single-family home 1990: $41,400
Median monthly rent 1990: $165
Mobile homes as a % of total housing: 25.1
Housing starts 1992: 170
Housing starts 1993: 154
In 1992 the price level index for Jackson County was 88.92
(67th highest in the state).
In 1993, the ad valorem millage rate was 9.000, and the total
taxable value of property was $564,209,109. Taxable sales totalled
$244.90 million in 1992 and $255.90 million in 1993. Lottery sales
totalled $22,387 thousand in 1992-93. In 1990-91 Jackson County's
revenues totalled $23,461 thousand ($564.3 per capita) and its
expenditures $23,532 thousand ($566.0 per capita). Of those 18
years of age and older, 59.7% were registered to vote in 1992.
Of these, 87.5% were registered Democrat and 11.2% were registered
Republican. In the 1992 presidential election, 45.8% of the votes
were cast for Bush, 37.4% for Clinton, and 16.7% for Perot.
Events and Places of Interest
Florida Caverns State Park, Marianna; The 1840 House, Ltd.
and the Gallery, Marianna; Jackson County Fair, Marianna, October.