Putnam County Florida Located in North Florida
Putnam County Cities
|Crescent City Station
Land area (rank): 733 square miles (32)
Population 1993 (rank): 67,625 (36)
Population density 1993 (rank): 92 persons per square mile (32)
Growth 1980-1990 (rank): 28.7% (40)
Putnam County is east of Gainesville and north of Ocala, and
is bordered by Flagler, Volusia, Marion, Alachua, Bradford, Clay,
and St. Johns counties. The county has 94 square miles of water.
The average January temperature is 58.6 degrees F, and the average
August temperature is 81.7 degrees F. The average annual rainfall
is 50.74 inches.
Putnam County was established from St. Johns and Alachua counties
in 1849 and named for Benjamin Alexander Putnam (1801-69), lawyer,
soldier, judge, member of the state legislature, and first president
of the Florida Historical Society.
In 1993 approximately three-fourths of Putnam County's population
was in unincorporated areas. Between 1970 and 1980, the population
in unincorporated areas of Putnam County more than doubled. The
incorporated place with the greatest population is Palatka, which
had a 1993 population of 10,447 persons. Each of the other incorporated
places in the county-Crescent City, Interlachen, Pomona Park,
and Welaka-had a population under 2,000 in 1987. The unincorporated
area of East Palatka had a 1990 population of 1,989. In 1993,
81% of Putnam County's population was white, and 19% was nonwhite.
In 1990, 2.6% of the population was Hispanic. Of the population
increase between 1980 and 1990, 85.4% was due to net migration.
The 1992 birth rate was 14.9 live births per 1,000 persons, and
the 1992 death rate was 12.6 deaths per 1,000 persons. In 1992
the infant mortality rate was 15.0 per 1,000. In 1993 the leading
causes of death were heart disease, cancer, and stroke.
Of all 1992 high school graduates, 73.0% planned to continue
their education. The 1992 high school dropout rate was 8.4%. In
1990, 64.3% of persons in the county were high school graduates,
and 8.3% had completed four or more years of college. Colleges
and universities. St. Johns River Community College, Palatka.
The per capita income in Putnam County for 1993 was $13,087
(57th highest in the state). The median household income in 1989
was $20,155. In 1989, 14.8% of families had incomes below the
poverty level. In 1990, 27.7% of personal income in Putnam County
was derived from transfer payments. In 1992 the greatest numbers
of persons in Putnam County were employed in the manufacturing,
government, and retail trade sectors. Paper, lumber, and wood
products firms accounted for the greatest employment in the manufacturing
sector. In 1992 there were 400 farms in Putnam County, totalling
105,621 acres (23% of land in the county). Putnam County is among
the state's leading producers of potatoes. In 1991, 29,015 board
feet of softwood logs, 74,132 cords of softwood for pulp, 227
thousand board feet of hardwood logs, and 5,771 cords of hardwood
for pulp were produced. In 1991, 42,927 pounds of fish and 138,027
pounds of shellfish were landed.
Median value of a single-family home 1990: $49,900
Median monthly rent 1990: $222
Mobile homes as a % of total housing: 42.8%
Housing starts 1992: 215
Housing starts 1993: 213
In 1992 the price level index for Putnam County was 92.49 (51
st highest in the state).
In 1993, the ad valorem millage rate was 8.1680, and the total
taxable value of property was $1,971,616,686. Taxable sales totalled
$297.40 million in 1992 and $320.20 million in 1993. Lottery sales
totalled $10,334 thousand in 1992-93. In 1990-91 Putnam County's
revenues totalled $47,173 thousand ($714.7 per capita) and its
expenditures $48,920 thousand ($741.2 per capita). Of those 18
years of age and older, 79.8% were registered to vote in 1992.
Of these, 72.3% were registered Democrat and 22.6% were registered
Republican. In the 1992 presidential election 41.7% of the votes
were cast for Clinton, 34.7% for Bush, and 23.3% for Perot.
Places of Interest
Palatka North Historic District, Palatka South Historic District.