Sumter County Florida Located in Central Florida
Sumter County Cities
Land area (rank): 561 square miles (53)
Population 1993 (rank): 33,814 (41)
Population density 1993 (rank): 60 persons per square mile (41)
Growth 1980-1990 (rank): 30.1% (36)
Sumter County is in central Florida and is bordered by Marion,
Citrus, Hernando, Pasco, Polk, and Lake counties. The county has
19 square miles of water. The average January temperature is 58.4
degrees F, and the average August temperature is 81.0 degrees
F. The average annual rainfall is 51.44 inches.
Sumter County was established from a portion of Mosquito County
in 1853 and named for General Thomas Sumter (1736-1832), a South
Carolinian prominent in the Revolutionary War.
In 1993, 75% of Sumter County's population was in unincorporated
areas. The incorporated area with the greatest population is Wildwood,
the northern terminus of Florida's Turnpike and a Seaboard Coast
Line Railroad stop. In 1993 Wildwood's population was 3,767. The
next most populous incorporated place, Bushnell, had a 1993 population
of 2,212. Center Hill, Coleman, and Webster all had populations
under 1,000 in 1993. Lake Panasoffkee is the only unincorporated
area with a population over 1,000 and in 1990 had a population
of 2,262, an increase from less than 1,000 in 1970. In 1993, 83%
of Sumter County's population was white, and 17% was nonwhite.
In 1990, 2.4% of the population was Hispanic. Of the population
increase between 1980 and 1990, 92.0% was due to net migration.
The 1992 birth rate was 13.0 live births per 1,000 persons, and
the 1992 death rate was 11.3 deaths per 1,000 persons. In 1992
the infant mortality rate was 0.0 per 1,000. The leading causes
of death in 1993 were heart disease, cancer, and stroke.
Of all 1992 high school graduates, 60.8% planned to continue
their education. The 1992 high school dropout rate was 7.8%. In
1990, 64.3% of persons in the county were high school graduates,
and 7.8% had completed four or more years of college. Colleges
and universities. Served by Lake-Sumter Community College (Lake
The per capita income in Sumter County for 1993 was $13,292
(55th highest in the state). The median household income in 1989
was $19,584. In 1989, 14.0% of families had incomes below the
poverty level. In 1990, 29.8% of personal income in Sumter County
was derived from transfer payments. In 1992 the greatest numbers
of persons were employed in the retail trade, government, and
services sectors. The employers of greatest numbers of persons
in the retail trade sector were eating and drinking establishments
and food stores. A major employer in the government sector is
the Sumter Correctional Institution. In the services sector, employers
of the greatest number of persons were hotels and motels and social
services. Lumber and wood products firms accounted for the greatest
share of the manufacturing employment. In 1992 there were 720
farms in Sumter County, totalling 253,330 acres (71% of land in
the county). Tomatoes, cucumber, eggplant, and peppers as well
as cattle and poultry are produced in Sumter County. In 1991,
Sumter County produced 433 thousand board feet of softwood logs,
3,147 cords of softwood for pulp, 98 thousand board feet of hardwood
logs, and 1,820 cords of hardwood for pulp.
Median value of a single-family home 1990: $49,900
Median monthly rent 1990: $235
Mobile homes as a % of total housing: 48.2
Housing starts 1992: 141
Housing starts 1993: 450
In 1992 the price level index for Sumter County was 91.55 (57th
highest in the state).
In 1993, the ad valorem millage rate was 10.000, and the total
taxable value of property was $516,135,775. Taxable sales totalled
$130.40 million in 1992 and $132.20 million in 1993. Lottery sales
totalled $5,274 thousand in 1992-93. In 1990-91 Sumter County's
revenues totalled $27,158 thousand ($848.3 per capita) and its
expenditures $29,450 thousand ($919.9 per capita). Of those 18
years of age and older, 57.9% were registered to vote in 1992.
Of these, 69.6% were registered Democrat and 26.7% were registered
Republican. In the 1992 presidential election, 40.8% of the votes
were cast for Clinton, 35.4% for Bush, and 23.5% for Perot.
Events and Places of Interest
Battle of Dade, Dade Battlefield State Historic Site, January.