Wakulla County Florida Located in North Florida
Wakulla County Cities
||Live Oak Island
Land area (rank): 601 square miles (45)
Population 1993 (rank): 15,401 (56)
Population density 1993 (rank): 26 persons per square mile (55)
Growth 1980-1990 (rank): 30.5% (34)
Wakulla County is in north Florida and is bordered by the Gulf
of Mexico, and by Franklin, Liberty, Leon, and Jefferson counties.
The county has 34 square miles of water. The average January temperature
is 54.2 degrees F, and the average August temperature is 81.4
degrees F. The average annual rainfall is 54.03 inches.
Wakulla County was established from a portion of Leon County
in 1843. Wakulla, also the name of an enormous spring and river
in the county, is probably of Indian derivation. It may contain
the word kala, meaning "spring of water" in some Indian
dialects or wahkola, meaning "loon" in Hitchiti, a language
of the Creek Indians.
In 1993, 95% of Wakulla County's population was in unincorporated
areas. The place with the greatest population is the unincorporated
town of Crawfordville, which is also the county seat. Next in
population is Panacea, followed by the incorporated city of Sopchoppy
(398 persons in 1993) and the town of St. Marks (303 persons in
1993). In 1993, 86% of Wakulla County's population was white,
and 14% was nonwhite. In 1990, 0.6% of the population was Hispanic.
Of the population increase between 1980 and 1990, 77.3% was due
to net migration. The 1992 birth rate was 14.4 live births per
1,000 persons, and the 1992 death rate was 8.1 deaths per 1,000
persons. In 1992 the infant mortality rate was 9.4 per 1,000.
The leading causes of death were cancer, heart disease, and diabetes.
Of all 1992 high school graduates, 60.3% planned to continue
their education. The 1992 high school dropout rate was 1.7%. In
1990, 71.6% of persons in the county were high school graduates,
and 10.1% had completed four or more years of college. Colleges
and universities. Served by Tallahassee Community College (Leon
The per capita income in Wakulla County for 1993 was $15,583
(37th highest in the state). The median household income in 1989
was $25,019. In 1989, 11.1% of families had incomes below the
poverty level. In 1990, 19.1% of personal income in Wakulla County
was derived from transfer payments. Food and kindred products
firms had the greatest number of reported employees in the manufacturing
sector. Employers of the greatest numbers of persons in the retail
trade sector were eating and drinking establishments and food
stores. In 1992 there were 83 farms in Wakulla County, totalling
8,679 acres (2% of total land in the county). In 1991, 11,851
thousand board feet of softwood logs, 23,057 cords of softwood
for pulp, and 1,765 cords of hardwood for pulp were produced.
In 1991, 516,648 pounds of fish and 568,381 pounds of shellfish
were landed in Wakulla County.
Median value of a single-family home 1990: $51,800
Median monthly rent 1990: $245
Mobile homes as a % of total housing: 43.7
Housing starts 1992: 118
Housing starts 1993: 146
In 1992 the price level index for Wakulla County was 94.31
(34th highest in the state).
In 1993, the ad valorem millage rate was 9.7500, and the total
taxable value of property was $256,927,407. Taxable sales totalled
$47.80 million in 1992 and $40.90 million in 1993. Lottery sales
totalled $1,856 thousand in 1992-93. In 1990-91 Wakulla County's
revenues totalled $12,850 thousand ($889.6 per capita) and its
expenditures $15,792 thousand ($1,093.3 per capita). Of those
18 years of age and older, 82.5% were registered to vote in 1992.
Of these, 86.8% were registered Democrat and 11.1% were registered
Republican. In the 1992 presidential election 38.5% of the votes
were cast for Bush, 34.6% for Clinton, and 26.7% for Perot.
Festivals and Attractions
Blue Crab Festival, Panacea, May; Wakulla Springs State Park,